Posts Tagged ‘employers’

religious-neutral-workplace

The image advocates religious neutrality in the workplace

 

Today, reply is on ethics and the obligations of employees to their employer regarding the expression and practice of their spiritual beliefs both in and outside of the workplace.  Becoming selected and hired by a going enterprise is more than a matter of selling oneself and being paid to labor; “getting a job” means entering a relationship to obtain benefits and resources for ones life.  In modern work settings—agricultural, financial, government, industrial, medical, theatrical—every employee is required to exercise restraint, and to help maintain a positive work atmosphere free of conflicts based on age, arbitrary differences, ethnic and national origin, personal traits (e.g., hair color, height, weight), religious beliefs, and their concerns for developing their own career or business.  One of the fighters in the “Yahoo Answers” forum who uses the ID “Anonymous” (no profile data shown) posted the following in the Religion and Spirituality section:

 

Did you know my company made a rule outlawing religious artifacts and praying at our work?
They states we can pray after work or on a lunch break in private.The company has no right to tell my conservative brothers and sisters when and where to pray!!! First amendment!

 

THE GOLDEN ARROW:  Even a child is known by his doings, whether his work be pure, and whether it be right.  (Proverbs 20:  11, King James Version, KJV)

 

THE DOUBLE DAGGER:  The Relationship As Servant (06/03/2018); Blessed In Our Deeds (05/29/2018); Duties of a Christian? (03/13/2018); Called To Be Servants? (11/25/2015); It Comes With the Job? (01/11/2015); Religious Bosses? (07/08/2014); On Religious Items (08/29/2012); On Cults (08/30/2012)

 

“Anonymous”, here are some points on belief, conscience, personal integrity, and grace that may be helpful: 

Currently, when a worker accepts a position with a firm, they are expected to acknowledge that they are also a representative of the company Brand.  In the same way you are recognized and respected as a legitimate agent and representative who embodies the firm, and provides its “human face” to the public during work hours and in the workplace, a worker’s behavior and conduct before the public in non-work settings also will influence how the firm is evaluated, respected, and supported.  The relationship between employee and employer continues when you are in the public arena on the basis of ethics, principles, purposes, and standards, and is not simply a matter of consumer products and services.  Many young workers are not aware of this, and feel strongly that, once they complete their shift at work, they can dismiss, ignore, and openly oppose all the demands and rules of their employer, and their workplace. 

The covenant (i.e., the formal, legal agreement; the verbal or written contract) between an employee and an employer should be understood as projecting beyond the specifics of their job description, their to-do list, or a flow chart displaying their daily duties.  A workplace is a social setting having all the same needs for fiscal soundness, health care, hygiene, nourishment, law enforcement, and crisis management as those of a small town.  A workplace can include those from diverse backgrounds, marital status, multiple knowledge and skill sets as well as those having different levels of job experience, personal ambition, commitment to the company mission statement, and devotion to  the discipline/field, to say nothing of differences among its workers for their levels of emotional, psychological, and spiritual maturity.

Both employers and their workers also are expected to acknowledge a set of unspoken assumptions and conditions (we say, adopt a common-sense understanding; accept as binding points that are logically consistent and interdependent with those of their formal agreement).  Thus, knowing there is a company issued uniform, unless it is an aspect of his job, a new employee will not appear on his first day of work wearing logos of the competitor, and expect to continue in the workplace without challenge, comments that may be negative, and conflict.  A commitment to address and satisfy one another’s needs must come into view, and must develop over time establishing such features as continuity, flow, mutual accountability, shared identity, respect, job satisfaction, and trust.  Consider again the following that uses language from the Bible:

(1.)  Romans 6:  16, King James Version (KJV):  16 Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness?

(2.)  Romans 6:  8-14, KJV:  8 Now if we be dead with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with him:  9 Knowing that Christ being raised from the dead dieth no more; death hath no more dominion over him.  10 For in that he died, he died unto sin once:  but in that he liveth, he liveth unto God.  11 Likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord.  12 Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that ye should obey it in the lusts thereof.  13 Neither yield ye your members as instruments of unrighteousness unto sin:  but yield yourselves unto God, as those that are alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness unto God.  14 For sin shall not have dominion over you:  for ye are not under the law, but under grace.

(3.)  2nd Corinthians 4:  17-18, KJV:  17 For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory;  18 While we look not at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not seen:  for the things which are seen are temporal; but the things which are not seen are eternal.

There is far more that should be said, correctly examined, and spiritually apprehended.  (For example, (4.)  Romans 8:  5-9, KJV:  5 For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit.  6 For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace.  7 Because the carnal mind is enmity against God:  for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.  8 So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God.  9 But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.)  Even so, I trust this fragment will be useful.  Be it unto you according to your faith.

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THE BLACK PHOENIX
Washington, DC

 

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Accountability, duty, ethics, and personal authority are themes for our blog presentation this Labor Day, 2015.  As a former Federal employee in my position for many years through the Library of Congress, I was very surprised when the entire staff was required to attend sessions instructing us with regard to the importance of ethics when performing our duties for Congress and the Nation.  To me, OJT (on the job training) orientations on honor, integrity, respect and trust seemed part of what should have been provided before our first full day of employment had finished.  We were being granted an opportunity to serve that should be held as a full-time commitment, not merely an eight-hour day or “9 to 5 grind.”  To use government computers, copy machines, manpower, paper, time in the workplace, and other resources for personal goals was to be understood as pilfering and theft.  Every government  employee’s attitudes, behavior, and conduct continue to be thought of as representative of their constituents and the employer, even, long after the workday is over.  The employer should be free to expect those hired to be in a covenant agreement for mutual benefit; yet, cooperation, permission, and restrictions will be in place for planned operations to be completed without duplication and waste.  Without direct confirmation of ones supervisor, personnel were to informally adopt or assume no added advantages, benefits, perks or privileges beyond those to fulfill their job description and work agreement.  One of the fighters at “Yahoo! Answers” who uses the ID “Anonymous” (no profile information shared) posted the following:

 

Why can’t I as an atheist do the same thing as Kim Davis?

“I’m sorry, I can’t authorize your christian marriage because they violate my atheist beliefs.” This is why Kim will not see the light of day for a while.

 

THE GOLDEN ARROW:  Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God:  the powers that be are ordained of God.  Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God:  and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation.  For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power? do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise of the same:  For he is the minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain:  for he is the minister of God, a revenger to execute wrath upon him that doeth evil.  Wherefore ye must needs be subject, not only for wrath, but also for conscience sake.  For for this cause pay ye tribute also:  for they are God’s ministers, attending continually upon this very thing.  Render therefore to all their dues:  tribute to whom tribute is due; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honour to whom honour.  Owe no man any thing, but to love one another:  for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law.  For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.  Love worketh no ill to his neighbour:  therefore love is the fulfilling of the law.  And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep:  for now is our salvation nearer than when we believed.  The night is far spent, the day is at hand:  let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light.  (Romans 13:  1-12, KJV)

 

THE DOUBLE DAGGER:  A Price for Religious Liberty? (06/30/2015); Different Strokes, For Different Folks? (06/22/2015); Those Having the True Secrets? (04/14/2015); It Comes With the Job? (01/11/2015); Law in Christian Belief? (09/03/2013); A Need to Know? (09/04/2013)

 

“Anonymous”, here are a few thoughts I would like to share on the issues of civil disobedience, marriage, and the misuse of sacred knowledge in America, today.  The right to religious liberty with freedom to maintain ones conscience and practice ones own beliefs is not also the right to religious authority over those who disbelieve.  Liberty allows one to participate in a community of like-minded believers wherein there may be a division of labor and hierarchy to accomplish shared goals.  Such a broad liberty may be granted to all, however, the peculiar privileges of membership for those within a sanctified body (i.e., a collective set apart for service to divinity) will be restricted exclusively to those who are contributing participants of their own assembly, congregation, or community of faith.  Where we are granted secular authority in settings to provide civil and human services, it is both presumptuous and unethical to assume and exercise judicial or police authority.

Where an elected official or government worker feels their job description, and the demands of their position are in conflict with the mandates and policies of the agencies wherein they serve, resignation and separation without prejudice are the most appropriate actions to spare those who lack job satisfaction, and to resolve the apparent conflicts.  For an employee to insist upon refusing to carry out lawful orders, their insubordination may be seen as an attack upon the agency as well as acts that are criminal, disloyal, and seditious.

For those claiming to be Christian believers, it is to be recognized as pride and spiritual confusion when any person (particularly clergy) assumes they are above divine law; that they themselves are the primary advocate, and source of life and power for sacred law; and that their own righteousness permits them to wear a mantel of divine judgment.  There is ungodly arrogance in seeking to punish another individual, an ethnic group, a family, or a nation on the basis of finite and imperfect law (i.e., public opinion) that entails multiple levels of subtlety (i.e., barely visible differences; hidden shifts in meaning and value).

Thus, for example, those daring to call themselves righteous as terrorists are not true partakers of the fullness of GOD.  While wrath against sin come does correctly come into view, the eternal purposes of judgment are not to be dismissed, ignored or overlooked.  Foremost among the exalted aspects of divine intent are correction; divine order; continuing righteousness; gratitude; humility; sealing the beloved with the mark of GOD; completing the full revelation of being, existence and life that is divine priority; and preparing mankind for the harvesting of the earth, the end of mortality, and the permanent transformation of humanity at the coming of Jesus Christ. 

There are many other points that should be carefully considered, correctly understood, and made a permanent aspect of ones new life in Christ.  (For example:  This know also, that in the last days perilous times shall come.  For men shall be lovers of their own selves, covetous, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy,  Without natural affection, trucebreakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good,  Traitors, heady, highminded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God;  Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof:  from such turn away (2nd Timothy 3:  1-5, King James Version, KJV).  Even so, I trust this fragment will be useful.  Be it unto you according to your faith.

 

THE BLACK PHOENIX
Washington, DC

Offerings, sacrifices, and tithes are topics, today.  Within the divine economy for believers, at no time do crops, livestock, or money become sacred objects that are to be worshiped. Yet, their meaning and merit are transformed when they appear as aspects within divine operations, eternal purposes, and sacred use. We say offerings are commanded and mandatory; sacrifices are whatever one promises and volunteers to give.  Correctly understood, paying tithes for Christian believers is a commitment to make visible on earth the priesthood of Jesus Christ as Risen Lord in heaven.  Tithing is a priestly duty and sacred practice as opposed to private charitable giving, philanthropy, or benevolence and donations that express impulses and sentiment.  Paying tithes is as much a contractual obligation and lawful duty as having to compensate ones bank or lending institution.  For many followers of Christ there is confusion on ones accountability regarding tithes due to the false teaching that the covenant and Ten Commandments once given to Israel are annulled along with circumcision and the many other obligations from Jewish culture and tradition.  The Adversary has taught, Ye shall not surely die—for refusing to continue gestures of obedience, covenant, and respect by tithing.  Consider this:  An employer and a worker are in a relationship that is maintained and structured on the basis of more than familiarity, friendliness, and personal integrity.  There are legal obligations for payment and reward defined and regulated through civil law.  Similarly, where believers in Jesus Christ sign a contract for church membership (that may include pledging (promising to give) tithes as a fiscal device to maintain the physical plant, the clergy, and the programs of the church), they enter a formal relationship that also must respond to civil and ecclesiastical law.  While the church does not pursue or punish believers by confiscating a members property or using debt collection, late fees, liens, and proceedings against the membership to expose fraud, finances for the congregation must be made regular and stable in the same way the billing cycles to the institution (mortgage, repairs, utilities) are scheduled and routine.  Therefore, in some situations, failure to pay ones tithe may even be regarded as misrepresentation and criminal neglect.  A writer at “Yahoo! Answers” using the ID “Zachary” (Level 1 with 104 points, a member since February 13, 2015) posted the following:

 

What do i tithe on?

recently ive made about 500 dollars but it was all a mix of birthday money and money i made off of ebay. the money off of ebay has technically already been tithed on (the items were older gifts i outgrew and i know my parents tithed on the money they bought them with originally) and birthday money is kind of a bonus..

 

THE GOLDEN ARROW:  Will a man rob God? Yet ye have robbed me. But ye say, Wherein have we robbed thee? In tithes and offerings.  Ye are cursed with a curse:  for ye have robbed me, even this whole nation.  Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house, and prove me now herewith, saith the LORD of hosts, if I will not open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that there shall not be room enough to receive it.  And I will rebuke the devourer for your sakes, and he shall not destroy the fruits of your ground; neither shall your vine cast her fruit before the time in the field, saith the LORD of hosts.  And all nations shall call you blessed:  for ye shall be a delightsome land, saith the LORD of hosts.  Your words have been stout against me, saith the LORD. Yet ye say, What have we spoken so much against thee?  Ye have said, It is vain to serve God:  and what profit is it that we have kept his ordinance, and that we have walked mournfully before the LORD of hosts?  And now we call the proud happy; yea, they that work wickedness are set up; yea, they that tempt God are even delivered.  Then they that feared the LORD spake often one to another:  and the LORD hearkened, and heard it, and a book of remembrance was written before him for them that feared the LORD, and that thought upon his name.  And they shall be mine, saith the LORD of hosts, in that day when I make up my jewels; and I will spare them, as a man spareth his own son that serveth him.  Then shall ye return, and discern between the righteous and the wicked, between him that serveth God and him that serveth him not.  (Malachi 3:  8-18, KJV)

 

THE DOUBLE DAGGER:  Ananias, Liar, Thief or Blasphemer? (01/12/2015); Consecrated in Christ? (06/21/2014); On Being Good Stewards (12/17/2013); Traditional Marriage? (12/18/2013); Sacrificial Relationship? (10/23/2013); Relationship by Unselfish Giving? (10/24/2013)

 

“Zachary”, here are a few points shared among Christian believers who are careful to make serving GOD their focus so they avoid the sin of making it “all about money” (idolatry):

(1.)  For those who accompanied Moses, the “tithe” is a tenth from (we say, 10% of) whatever one may plant and produce using their portion within the Promised Land.  While the land itself is not anointed, consecrated, and sanctified (specifically set apart for service to GOD), and the crop itself is not holy, the tithe is to be understood as though already resting upon an altar of sacrifice that serves as the point of contact for earth and heaven.

(2.)  The primary income and inheritance for those serving as priests was a portion from the offerings and sacrifices brought to them by those among the twelve tribes.   In this sense, Jehovah was the inheritance and their portion for the clergy.  While prayer, study and worship could be carried out everywhere using the system of local synagogues, offerings and sacrifices were to be made only at the place that GOD would name as the divine residence (e.g., Shiloh, Jerusalem).  Those who received tithes also were expected to give a tithe that would be used to maintain the tabernacle (later, temple)  services.

(3.)  For many today, the tithe is a portion of ones income (meaning whatever they receive from GOD—found money, gifts, return from investments, etc.).  Filthy lucre is held to be wealth from illegal and immoral activity, and may include money from cheating on ones taxes, drugs, gambling, loan sharking, lotteries, pornography, prostitution, robbery, sale of stolen goods, and usury.  Others understand it differently:  the tithe is a 10% “tax” upon whatever they earn as wages (before federal and local taxes, or other deductions).  Still others, insist that the principle of tithing only is correct where ones labor and resources are handled and respected in terms of seed and harvest.

There is far more to be plainly said, correctly understood, and properly apprehended.  (For example, (4.)  The person who tithes must understand, they are a manager and steward within the household of GOD.  The tithe is not their own, and must be rendered for continuing the ministry of Jesus Christ in the earth.  The enrollment of a believer as a new member of an assembly or congregation, in effect, establishes a legal contract requiring their regular financial support, and is not merely a personal oath and promise to perform the peculiar duties for spreading the Gospel.  Therefore, indebtedness and mismanagement of ones own finances is damaging to the church.  As in Malachi 3:  8 (KJV), a man may rob GOD; and there will be judgment against him.)  Even so, I trust this fragment will be useful.  Be it unto you according to your faith and spiritual maturity.

THE BLACK PHOENIX
Washington, DC

Commitments for Christians as secular workers, employment contracts, ethics, personal freedom, and service to divinity are topics, today.  A fighter at “Yahoo! Answers” using the ID “SupaStar” (Level 3 with 1,435 points, a member since August 07, 2014) posted the following:

 

Is it typical of Christian employers to not only tell you what you can do while at work…?

…but, even what to THINK outside of work, at the threat of losing your job?

 

THE GOLDEN ARROW:  Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom; teaching and admonishing one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing with grace in your hearts to the Lord.  And whatsoever ye do in word or deed, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God and the Father by him.  (Colossians 3:  16-17, KJV)

 

THE DOUBLE DAGGER:  In Not From The World? (12/26/2014); Religious Bosses? (07/08/2014); All Lying Forbidden? (03/04/2014); Wrong Not to Forgive? (03/05/2014); Freewill is Finite (06/30/2013); GOD Intervenes? (07/01/2013)

 

“SupaStar”, here are a few points all Christian believers must be aware of:

(1.)  When a person accepts any employment they enter into a legal contract that includes assumed and unspoken terms (e.g., to assist and encourage performance; cooperate with fellow employees, show courtesy and respect to potential clients and customers) as well as explicit terms (e.g., dress, hours, job description, salary).  In effect, the employee agrees to accept discipline, go, return, learn, sit, speak, be silent, stand, wear—whatever—in return for authority, pay, privilege, promotion, and reward.

(2.)  Certain decisions are supposed to be in place before you go looking for a job.  Behavioral requirements and commitments within the workplace are generally understood as a matter of ethics (moral standards and their effect upon conduct).  Conflicts of interest are discouraged.  Employees are agents, affiliates and representatives of their employer; and, are being paid to guard and promote the interests of their employer at all times.  Just as employees have duty and responsibility to maintain a peculiar atmosphere within the workplace that encourages completion of necessary tasks, and quality of a company’s product, employee home life and after-work conduct influences perceptions of their employer (we say, the reputation and brand name).

(3.)  Lacking knowledge of costs, losses and the impact upon their employer’s earnings; lacking professional maturity and perspective; or lacking the sense of responsibility for the livelihood of their fellow employees, many feel it is their personal freedom to use employer tools (e.g., computers, copy machines, printers) for entertainment and added income.  This violates the “spirit” of their contract to profit their firm; and, in effect, is pilfering, stealing, thievery.

(4.)  Among faith-based, government, and private employers, workers are expected to change in support of their employer.  They are to accept and express a “corporate identity” whereby they can be known and immediately recognized as agents of their employer.  Saying this another way, they are to add value, develop, improve, produce and progress.

There is far more to be said, correctly understood, and spiritually apprehended.  (For example, (5.)  During the interview stages, and before they are hired, believers are expected to investigate prospective employers, carefully examine income and other benefits along with the fit between themselves and the firm they are negotiating with.  The believer must also consider how their commitment to the position will effect their lifestyle as well as their opportunities for further personal and spiritual growth.  Once a person has accepted a position, the Christian principles for commitment within the workplace are simple:  Do all as though you are working for GOD.  It is the duty of every believer to comfort, edify, and exhort their fellow believers (you might say, benefit, caution, encourage, remind, and warn.)  Even so, I trust this fragment will be useful.  Be it unto you according to your faith.

THE BLACK PHOENIX
Washington, DC

Workplace policies, procedures and relationships are in view, today.  A “Yahoo! Answers” fighter using the ID “?” (Level 2 with 454 points, a member since November 02, 2013) posted the following:


Should religious bosses be allowed to force their religion onto their staff? 

You hear about some teachers who lost their jobs because they are gay and against their boss’ “Christian Values” or a business that tries to mess with the employee’s health plan based on the management’s religion.

 

THE GOLDEN ARROW:  For the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is an householder, which went out early in the morning to hire labourers into his vineyard.  And when he had agreed with the labourers for a penny a day, he sent them into his vineyard.  And he went out about the third hour, and saw others standing idle in the marketplace,  And said unto them; Go ye also into the vineyard, and whatsoever is right I will give you. And they went their way.  Again he went out about the sixth and ninth hour, and did likewise.  And about the eleventh hour he went out, and found others standing idle, and saith unto them, Why stand ye here all the day idle?  They say unto him, Because no man hath hired us. He saith unto them, Go ye also into the vineyard; and whatsoever is right, that shall ye receive.  So when even was come, the lord of the vineyard saith unto his steward, Call the labourers, and give them their hire, beginning from the last unto the first.  And when they came that were hired about the eleventh hour, they received every man a penny.  But when the first came, they supposed that they should have received more; and they likewise received every man a penny.  And when they had received it, they murmured against the goodman of the house,  Saying, These last have wrought but one hour, and thou hast made them equal unto us, which have borne the burden and heat of the day.  But he answered one of them, and said, Friend, I do thee no wrong:  didst not thou agree with me for a penny?  Take that thine is, and go thy way:  I will give unto this last, even as unto thee.  Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with mine own? Is thine eye evil, because I am good?  So the last shall be first, and the first last:  for many be called, but few chosen.  (Matthew 20:  1-16, KJV)

 

THE DOUBLE DAGGER:  Denying Oneself (05/17/2014); From Such Turn Away (05/18/2014); All Lying Forbidden? (03/04/2014); Wrong Not to Forgive? (03/05/2014); Unprofitable Servants? (01/19/2014); On Being Good Stewards (12/17/2013); Traditional Marriage? (12/18/2013)

 

“?”, here are a few points to consider in agreement with Christian belief:

(1.)  The corporate model for relationships between employers and their employees is that of the formal contract stating up front all the terms and conditions of the agreement for their association.  The contract is a document having status as binding and legitimate within all legal proceedings, and that states the continuing accountability, commitment, and obligation of the parties in agreement.  Therefore, the contract that speaks to initiation, maintenance, and severance for the relationship, also may include goals of the firm, the job description, specific tasks and objectives, and a summary of workplace business practices, policies, and procedures.  Additionally, any rights an employee is asked to waive will be identified.

(2.)  A personal model for employer/employee relationships may emphasize unspoken expectations, assumed products of interaction, shared goals, trust, and understanding as well as benefit to the integrity of ones name, ones reputation, and ones word.  For the Christian, honesty, job satisfaction, fulfillment, love, progress, and respect are the primary bases for association, rather than coercion, financial gain, force, self-promotion, or violence.

(3.)  During the interview process, employees are to examine and evaluate the firm that is offering to hire them in the same way the firm is asking questions and making decisions about the candidates fit within their scheme of management and professional development.  During the 30 to 90 day probation and trial period, new employees are to investigate, and further understand the limits and opportunities offered by the firm.  Just as the employer may terminate with prejudice a worker who is found “unfit”, the worker is also free to deny the employer.

There is far more to be said, correctly understood, and spiritually apprehended.  For example, (4.)  Christian believers are to operate within any workplace displaying and expressing their competence as mature persons, as professional laborers, and as agents or spokespersons for GOD.  At no time may the employment contract, nor the social consensus be violated by efforts that disrupt and undermine cooperation to accomplish necessary tasks of their employment.  This includes using office equipment (e.g., computers, copiers, telephones) for personal amusement and non-work related activity (e.g., card games, gambling, preaching, proselytizing), and making inappropriate challenges and demands for change. Even so, I trust this fragment will be useful.  Be it unto you according to your knowledge and faith from GOD.

No servant can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.  (Luke 16:  13, KJV)

THE BLACK PHOENIX
Washington, DC